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No single method of preventing the spread of head lice is foolproof. You probably already have a colony of these tiny parasites because the body fluids released by adult lice, in the middle of their reproduction, are what cause the itching.
When they find a head that they like, it is difficult to eliminate them and, therefore, never better said, prevention is better than cure. To take measures to avoid a massive infestation of lice, a series of resources must be put together that together, work in unison.
One of the best ways to combat lice picking up your children's head is to apply a little lice repellent to their hair every day. Lice repellants act in the same way as insecticides, they scare them away and prevent them from choosing that place to nest. Another resource that works is check children's heads daily, to catch the infestation in time and thus prevent their reproduction from increasing in number. Keep in mind that an adult female can lay around 8 eggs a day and in a week, these hair tenants will have multiplied by seven.
Warning your children about the forms of contagion is also essential so that they avoid, as much as possible, direct head-to-head contact, when studying or playing. Avoid sharing combs or brushes and, if they are girls, make sure that they always go with their hair tied back to school with pigtails, braids or bows, since it is easier for lice to move from one head to another that has long and loose hair .
If we have not taken preventive measures in time or, despite taking all this into account, our child has a head full of lice, we have to eradicate them by following other guidelines that consist, first of all, in applying pediculicidal treatments to all the family, since it is very easy to spread it at home through cushions, pillows or sofa covers. Before using any pediculicide product you must be sure that you have found live lice in order to apply it. Otherwise, use the repellants, and thus you will avoid creating resistance.
Keep in mind that most lice treatments are intended to eliminate the adult population and not the nits. The nits or eggs of the lice are attached to the hair by means of a glue that works like a cement and that ensures that the nit is stuck to the hair until the moment of hatching. This glue is nothing other than the saliva of the mother, the female louse.
For this reason, it is very important to pass the fingertip brush or comb after applying the lice treatment.
When rinsing the hair, we can add a jet of vinegar to the rinse water, since this softens the glue that the nits have and causes them to come off more easily when passing the fine comb. The proportion to carry out these final rinses must be: one part vinegar for two parts water.
Finally, it is vitally important to carefully clean all objects that have been in contact with the hair such as combs, brushes, sheets, pillows and do so by immersing them in very hot water. Lice are very sensitive to temperature. If you wash your clothes in the washing machine at more than 40 ºC, you will make sure that they have stopped their life cycle.
Marisol New. Editor of our site
If you want to know more about lice, we have prepared a series of lice and pediculosis videos with an expert who will give you a lot of information about what they are, how to prevent them and how to treat them.
You can read more articles similar to Tips for preventing head lice in children, in the category of Lice and nits on site.