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Thewhooping cough, also known as whooping cough, is an infectious respiratory disease of the airways, highly contagious, that evolves between 4 to 6 weeks and that has a higher incidence in the winter months.
Theincubation period It is 8 to 14 days and can attack the child from the first weeks of life. Contagion is by direct contact, through saliva, coughing or sneezing, and lasts for approximately 6 to 8 weeks.
This disease has three phases:
Catarrhal phase: lasts from one to two weeks and is characterized by coughing, sneezing, listlessness, low-grade fever, and poor appetite.
Paroxysmal phase: It lasts between 4 and 6 weeks and is characterized by repeated coughing spells, followed by a loud, deep breath (crow's crow). Vomiting is caused by the storage of mucus and irritation of the pharynx. These accesses appear more frequently at night.
Convalescence phase: It lasts for 2 to 3 weeks and is characterized by a persistent cough, but without attacks. The symptoms gradually diminish.
It is a disease produced by a germ. Once suffering from it, it leaves immunity for a long time but not for life. The duration of the whole picture of the disease is long. Approximately 45 days.
It is ambulatory, especially older children suffer from it. In some cases, they may require hospitalization to administer oxygen and tube feeding with IV fluids.
The use ofbronchodilator medication it will be inevitable. Cough suppressants are not helpful. Antibiotics will be indicated in more complicated cases of pneumonia and other lung problems. Prevention of pertussis is done through vaccination.
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