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Perception is the way in which the brain interprets the information that comes through the senses (sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch). Perception in the preschool phase is still in the development phase, and the process does not have the same development in all children.
Adults and children perceive the world around them differently, and parents often do not realize how children perceive it.
Perception is what a person understands through the senses. The information that the senses perceive is processed in the brain, where it is compared with the information that we already have stored. The brain can react automatically or formulate a more thoughtful response. Newborns already have basic reactions, but as they develop, they improve. Developmental milestones have been determined to facilitate the assessment of the stage the child has reached in terms of perfecting his senses and interpreting the information he receives.
The improvement of visual perception is an important part of mental development between the ages of two and five, five skills have been established:
- Shape recognition: being able to recognize that a shape has been rotated even though it is the same shape.
- Visual closure: being able to guess an object when only part of it is seen.
- Spatial memory: being able to remember the situation of a hidden object.
- Image search: being able to ignore details that are not important when searching for a particular object.
A struggling child may have trouble with one or more of these skills, but a preschooler develops all of these skills until they become automatic and not consciously think about them.
[Read +: How to make sensory bottles for children]
We adults do not realize that children's ears are more sensitive in both frequency and volume. Frequency is measured in hertz (Hz), preschoolers can detect sounds up to 20,000 hertz or more. From the age of eight, the range begins to narrow and the highest frequencies are lost; an adult detects sounds between 15,000 and 16,000.
The ideal volume for a young child is around 20 decibels, with a maximum of 35 decibels for a child with normal hearing. Tests have shown that the decibel level in a noisy playgroup in an echoing location can reach 55 to 75 decibels, too high for a young child.
The perception of smells
As with the other senses, we adults are wrong about the way we imagine that the child perceives odors. Experiments have shown that two, three and four year olds did not find the smell of feces or sweat unpleasant. This feeling changes radically at the age of five.
Babies have also been shown not to appreciate the scents of flowers or gasoline. On the contrary, children detect fruit smells much better than adults.
Children have more taste buds than adults and are more sensitive to the flavors of different foods. One of the main differences is the greater preference for sweet flavors and dislike for other flavors. A baby only likes sweet flavors and an adult likes a wide range of flavors. It is important for children to try all kinds of flavors.
You can read more articles similar to The perception of the senses in babies, in the category of on-site development stages.